UPSC Mains Syllabus + UPSC exam Pattern[2020 Updated]

If  you are a UPSC aspirant then you must be wondering about your UPSC mains Syllabus, UPSC optional Subjects, UPSC exam patterns, UPSC Question Paper and also UPSC exam syllabus. So , you are in the right place. Here you will get the answer of all those above queries. 

Here syllabus is explained in Details and I expect that you will get a good reader Experience and will be able to solve your doubts. I hope this article will be very helpful to you. 

I will be discussing UPSC General studies syllabus in this article. Here I will discuss syllabus of GS paper 1 to GS paper 4 These four paper carry total 1000 marks. 

What are some UPSC Optional Subjects ?
Some optional subjects of UPSC are Animal Husbandry, Biology , Chemistry, Veterinary Science and Anthropology.

First GS paper 1 : Here we have to study Art and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society. So , now we will discuss each and every topic mentioned here in detail .

Note: Syllabus is Explained in an Advanced way. None of the points are left. UPSC main syllabus is arranged sequence wise that will help you lot to understand about UPSC question Patter and UPSC Question Paper.

Let us talk about the Indian Culture. Here we will cover the salient aspects of :

1) Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2) Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities and issues .

3) The Freedom Struggle its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

4) Important personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose.

5) Important significant event or struggle Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

Now coming to the next part....

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.

1)  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. 
2) Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. 
3) Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. 
4) Salient features of world's physical geography. 
5) Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

And also the factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) .

Then you have to study Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc. Then changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

You also have to focus on Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

 Now let us move to General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) Let us see each and every topic in detail ,

First : Indian Constitution historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

 Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Separation of powers between three organs of the government Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries Parliament and State Legislatures functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. 

Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Salient features of the Representation of People's Act. 

Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections .

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of civil services in a democracy. India and its neighbourhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests on India's interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries.

 Then we have to study about Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate. (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 

Now let us start General Studies -III , 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Now let us talk about each and every topic in detail including Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. 

Government Budgeting, major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices. 

Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. 

Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. Land reforms in India. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

 Then we have to study Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Investment models. Science and Technology developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology, indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment , Disaster and disaster management. 

Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. 

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention .

Security challenges and their management in border areas linkages of organized crime with terrorism . Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security.

 General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude). This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. 

Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

Now let us discuss each and every topic one by one Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. 

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections. 

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions. 

Laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. 

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. 

I hope I am able to help with UPSC Mains Syllabus, UPSC question Papet and UPSC Question Pattern. 

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